David Landsborough, naturalist and writer. He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, about the yearcame to Australia when a young man, and took up land in the New England district of New South Wales. The country was unsuitable for sheep and Landsborough was obliged to abandon it and find employment.
Calder was encouraged to create, and from the age of eight he always had his own workshop wherever the family lived. For Christmas inCalder presented his parents with two of his first sculptures, a tiny dog and duck cut from a brass sheet and bent into formation.
The duck is kinetic—it rocks back and forth when tapped.
Even at age eleven, his facility in handling materials was apparent. Despite his talents, Calder did not originally set out to become an artist. He instead enrolled at the Stevens Institute of Technology after high school and graduated in with an engineering degree. While serving in the latter occupation, on a ship from New York bound for San Francisco, Calder awoke on the deck to see both a brilliant sunrise and a scintillating full moon; each was visible on opposite horizons the ship then lay off the Guatemalan coast.
The experience made a lasting impression on Calder: Calder committed to becoming an artist shortly thereafter, and in he moved to New York and enrolled at the Art Students League.
He also took a job illustrating for the National Police Gazette, which sent him to the Ringling Bros. The assemblage included diminutive performers, animals, and props he had observed at the Ringling Bros.
Fashioned from wire, leather, cloth, and other found materials, Cirque Calder was designed to be manipulated manually by Calder. Every piece was small enough to be packed into a large trunk, enabling the artist to carry it with him and hold performances anywhere. Its first performance was held in Paris for an audience of friends and peers, and soon Calder was presenting the circus in both Paris and New York to much success.
Indeed, the Cirque Calder predated performance art by forty years. Calder found he enjoyed working with wire for his circus.
He soon began to sculpt from this material many portraits of his friends and public figures of the day.
Word traveled about the inventive artist, and in Calder was given his first solo gallery show at the Weyhe Gallery in New York. This exhibition was soon followed by others in New York, Paris, and Berlin; as a result, Calder spent much time crossing the ocean by boat. He met Louisa James a grandniece of writer Henry James on one of these steamer journeys and the two were married in January In October ofCalder visited the studio of Piet Mondrian in Paris and was deeply impressed by a wall of colored paper rectangles that Mondrian continually repositioned for compositional experiments.
He recalled later in life that this experience "shocked" him toward total abstraction.Kids learn about Henry Ford's biography including his early life, the founding of the Ford Motor company, and how he helped to develop the assembly line for mass production.
Henry Ford, founder of Ford, contributed his innovations in assembly-line techniques and the introduction of standardized interchangeable parts. Early life. Frick was born in West Overton, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, in the United States, a grandson of Abraham Overholt, the owner of the prosperous Overholt Whiskey distillery (see Old Overholt).
Frick's father, John W. Frick, was unsuccessful in business pursuits. Henry Clay Frick attended Otterbein College for one year, but did not graduate.
Arriving in the world three weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg, on July 30, , Henry Ford never took to the rural life he was born into.
His father had a prosperous farm near Dearborn, Michigan, but young Henry was more interested in mechanics—how things worked. Henry Ford: Henry Ford, American industrialist who revolutionized factory production with his assembly-line methods. He was the creative force behind an industry of unprecedented size and wealth that in only a few decades permanently changed the economic and social character of the United States.
BIOGRAPHY. Alexander Calder was born in , the second child of artist parents—his father was a sculptor and his mother a painter.
Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood.