Learning Objectives Summarize the debate over affirmative action. Describe any three policies or practices that could reduce racial and ethnic inequality in the United States.
Pojman In this essay I set forth nine arguments against Strong Affirmative Action, which I define as preferential treatment, discriminating in favor of members of under-represented groups, which have been treated unjustly in the past, against innocent people.
I distinguish this from Weak Affirmative Action, which simply seeks to promote equal opportunity to the goods and offices of a society. I do not argue against this policy.
This form of Affirmative Action, as it is applied against White males, is both racist and sexist. Hardly a week goes by but that the subject of Affirmative Action does not come up.
Whether in the form of preferential hiring, non-traditional casting, quotas, "goals and time tables," minority scholarships, race-norming, reverse discrimination, or employment of members of underutilized groups, the issue confronts us as a terribly perplexing problem.
The Supreme Court recently refused to rule on the appeal, thus leaving it to the individual states to decide how they will deal with this issue.
Both sides have reorganized for a renewed battle. Let us agree that despite the evidences of a booming economy, the poor are suffering grievously, with children being born into desperate material and psychological poverty, for whom the ideal of "equal opportunity for all" is a cruel joke.
Many feel that the federal government has abandoned its guarantee to provide the minimum necessities for each American, so that the pace of this tragedy that seems to be worsening daily.
Add to this, the fact that in our country African-Americans have a legacy of slavery and unjust discrimination to contend with, and we have the makings of an inferno, and, perhaps, in the worse case scenario, the downfall of a nation. What is the answer to our national problem?
Is it increased welfare? All of these have merit and should be part of the national debate. But, my thesis is, however tragic the situation may be and we may disagree on just how tragic it isone policy is not a legitimate part of the solution and that is reverse, unjust discrimination against young white males.
Strong Affirmative Action, which implicitly advocates reverse discrimination, while, no doubt, well intentioned, is morally heinous, asserting, by implication, that two wrongs make a right.
Because some Whites once enslaved some Blacks, the decedents of those slaves, some of whom may now enjoy high incomes and social status, have a right to opportunities and offices over better qualified Whites who had nothing to do with either slavery or the oppression of Blacks, and who may even have suffered hardship comparable to that of poor Blacks.
Blacks get primary preferential treatment, women second, Native Americans third, Hispanics fourth, Handicapped fifth, and Asians sixth and so on until White males, no matter how needy or well qualified, must accept the left-overs. Naturally, combinations of oppressed classes e.
The equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment becomes reinterpreted as "Equal protection for all equals, but some equals are more equal than others. By Weak Affirmative Action I mean policies that will increase the opportunities of disadvantaged people to attain social goods and offices.
It includes the dismantling of segregated institutions, widespread advertisement to groups not previously represented in certain privileged positions, special scholarships for the disadvantaged classes e.
The goal of Weak Affirmative Action is equal opportunity to compete, not equal results. We seek to provide each citizen regardless of race or gender a fair chance to the most favored positions in society.
By Strong Affirmative Action I mean preferential treatment on the basis of race, ethnicity or gender or some other morally irrelevant criteriondiscriminating in favor of under-represented groups against over-represented groups, aiming at roughly equal results.
Strong Affirmative Action is reverse discrimination. It says it is right to do wrong to correct a wrong. It is the policy that is currently being promoted under the name of Affirmative Action, so it I will use that term or "AA" for short throughout this essay to stand for this version of affirmative action.
I will not argue for or against the principle of Weak Affirmative Action. Indeed, I think it has some moral weight. Strong Affirmative Action has none, or so I will argue.Affirmative Action vs.
Equal Opportunity Essay Sample Some of life’ s most important decisions rely on the concept of justice; however, that idea seems to be a difficult one to define. According to Webster’s dictionary, the term justice is the “quality of being just; merited reward or punishment”.
One answer is that the courts have often interpreted the laws concerning education and employment to permit or even to require racial preference as a form of affirmative action. We will write a custom essay sample on Affirmative Action Avoiding Racial Discrimination specifically for you. and to reduce the number of blacks (Glazer ). Steele means that affirmative action appears to solve the inequality, but instead it makes people see how unequal they actually are. The Affirmative Action Program Essay. The affirmative action program is important because it gives job opportunities for many people regardless of their race, color, religion, gender, and national origin. The work force should be well represented by the different ethnic backgrounds of our society. Some people look at affirmative action as reverse .
I think the rush to judgement on affirmative action is that the piece of the pie feels a teensy bit smaller for white, cis-men. And frankly, without diversity and equity, we are a long way off. Affirmative Action needs to be Changed not Ended Essay Words | 6 Pages.
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"Affirmative Action" was initiated in the early 's by President John F. Kennedy in an attempt to improve employment and educational opportunities for people belonging to a minority population ("Affirmative Action"). Affirmative Action: Equality or Reverse Discrimination?
Affirmative action is a program that serves to rectify the effects of purportedly past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and opportunities to minorities and women.
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