Have you read these? Introduction Romantic Age that succeeded Neoclassical Era is commonly known as the Age of Poetry whereas the Victorian Age that succeeded Romantic age is known as the age of novel. Novel emerged as the key genre of this age. Social Background During Victorian time, the industrial revolution took place in Europe that led to a number of problems for the commoners.
Throughout the novel, the title character is locked in a struggle to find her place in the world, and establish herself as an empowered person. This conflict is enhanced by Jane's social standing, family situation and gender.
Against many odds, she manages to establish her identity and breaks free multiple times from disempowering circumstances. Feminist scholar Sandra M. Gilbert discusses Bronte's heroine and her narrative in depth in her essay "Plain Jane's Progress," examining the nature of power within the novel, and the importance of gender to the story.
Gilbert particularly focuses on the power struggle between the characters of Jane and Rochester, the enigmatic man who employs Jane as a governess for his illegitimate daughter, and who eventually becomes her husband.
She also discusses the other female characters within the book, and how they reflect and affect Jane's need for empowerment throughout the story. A central theme Gilbert emphasizes is that of Jane's "pilgrimage" - her life voyage from "one significantly named place to another" Gilbert She focuses these discussions on examining Jane's role as a woman in Victorian England - a decidedly patriarchal society where women's position was considered almost exclusively domestic.
Through examination of this article, and of the text of Jane Eyre, the nature of the protagonist's "pilgrimage" becomes apparent as a quest for identity. She manages to slowly gain personal power as her life goes on, and she shows an uncanny ability to use whatever power she has in order to overcome the next obstacle in her voyage.
Another theme that Gilbert works with is that of escape. Throughout the novel, Jane escapes time after time from oppressive circumstances, only to end up in another position of disempowerment.
Specifically, her experiences at Thornfield and the events that follow are the most crucial in Jane's pilgrimage.
Eventually, Jane manages to find a place where she belongs with Rochester, where she becomes his wife, caretaker, and social equal. Jane Eyre becomes a boundary breaking character who manages to transcend class and gender stereotypes through her resilience and strength of character.
She is a symbol of the struggle of working-class women, and her pilgrimage exemplifies the difficult obstacles that must be overcome in order for gender and class equality to become a reality.
In essence, Jane's discovery of her personal identity in the world correlates to the identity of an entire oppressed group. Jane's journey begins in her childhood, as the orphaned ward of her aunt. From the very beginning of her tale, she is a disempowered character, a Cinderella figure in a hostile environment.
Bronte establishes the disempowered child of Jane within the first few pages, with the narration the child uses to describe her situation. These sentiments that seem to be present in Jane likely do not stem from actual physical inferiority, but rather a psychological mentality of her situation.
Like any oppressed character, the impressionable young Jane assumes the stereotypes and insults directed at her are true, and develops the idea that she is inferior in every way to her cousins.
As a pariah in the only house that will have anything to do with her, Jane has very few options to find empowerment. She must find an escape wherever she can, and before she can truly escape physically, she must escape mentally.
The first glimpse of Jane's resourcefulness and mental escape comes from one of her first activities in the novel. She escapes from her powerless post in the hostile household temporarily through a book - a rather mundane book at that - as she retreats to a solitary window-seat, burying herself in A History of British Birds.
Through the images and quotes contained therein, Jane manages to acquire the only kind of power she has access to - knowledge. Her quest for identity and power has begun, and the symbol of the working-class orphan woman has begun to discover - from a young age - how she can begin her journey to find her place as a social equal.
Over the course of Jane's life in the Reed household, a decidedly patriarchal household in a decidedly patriarchal society, there is a striking absence of the controlling male figure that signifies the ruler.
In fact, there is only one male in the house with any real power. This character is Jane's fourteen-year-old cousin, John Reed, who abuses her verbally and physically on a regular basis.
Without the presence of a strong male figure, the need for control falls to John Reed, and through John's actions On one occasion, Jane retaliates in self-defense, and then is punished for the whole affair by her aunt.
She is placed in the Red Room, In this case, the struggle Jane must endure is not one of gender, but one of class.Ideology, Interpellation, Class, and the Novel The now familiar argument that literary texts such as Jane Eyre both support and subvert ideology follows from a conception of ideology as a self-contained, synchronic discursive field that exists outside of, and prior to, particular speech acts or written texts.
Since the rise of new historicism and post-structuralism, criticism has rightly. How does Charlotte Bronte engage the readers’ sympathies for the character of Jane Eyre in the opening chapters of the novel Analysis of the character Bertha Mason and her importance in the novel Jane Eyre.
May 05, · “In her delightful debut novel, Patricia Park uses the classic novel Jane Eyre as a template to examine very modern concepts: questions of identity and love, culture and conscience, even the hardships of timberdesignmag.coms: The Woman Question in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre: the interaction of Romanticism and mid- Chang, Hsiu-sui, "The Woman Question in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre: the interaction of Romanticism and mid-nineteenth-century this novel, Bronte .
The Reconciliation of Fire, Ice, and Eyre. In the novel Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte explores a patriarchal Victorian society, where Nature clashes with monotheist Christianity, and passion clashes with timberdesignmag.com Jane develops, conflicted with these polarized binaries, Bronte examines the dichotomy between the fire of passion and emotion and the ice of spirituality and rationality.
Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre, ed. by T. Crawford (Mineola, NY: Dover, ); hereafter JE. View all notes In Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre, Mr Rochester’s love for Jane .