How Can They be Used in an Organization?
To understand how to use this textbook effectively to learn AIS.
E-Business—use of networks to undertake business processes Internal control— a system of integrated elements that provide reasonable assurance that a business will reach its business process goals 5 Elements in the Study of AIS 6 Accounting System and Sub-systems 7 Accounting Systems and Subsystems A system is a set of interdependent elements that together accomplish specific objectives.
A subsystem is the interrelated parts that have come together, or integrated, as a single system, which we have named System 1. The Figure on the next slide depicts the functional components of an information system.
Management hires personnel and establishes the means for accomplishing the work of the organization. Management establishes broad marketing objectives and assigns sales quotas to measure progress toward the long-run objectives. Management also designs the IS procedures for facilitating operations, such as the procedures used to pick and ship goods to the customer.
The IS sends a request to ship goods to warehouse. This request identifies the goods and their location in the warehouse.
Goods are shipped to customer. The shipping department reports to the IS that the goods have been shipped. The IS prepares an invoice and sends it to the customer. The IS sends management a report comparing actual sales to previously established sales quotas.
Searching the environment for conditions calling for a decision. Inventing, developing, and analyzing possible courses of action.
Selecting a course of action. Vertical Flows relate to the flow of information to and from strategic management through tactical management, operations management, and operations and transaction processing 27 Management Problem Structure and Information Requirements Higher up the pyramid, the less structured the decision Less defined External orientation More summarized information Future oriented Less frequent Less accurate Lower down the pyramid, the more structured the decision More defined Internal orientation More detailed information Historical More frequent More accurate 28 The strategic planning process addresses such questions as: What business are we in and who are our customers?
What knowledge advantage do we have in our business? How should our products be perceived? What rate of return on assets, earnings, or cash flow are we trying to achieve? What are our social responsibilities? Assess environment for opportunities or threats. Derive the factors that are central to the accomplishment of the objectives and to the survival of the organization—the critical success factors.An example of a simple past tense verb used in a sentence would be: "I went to the park." The speaker completed her action of going to the park, so you use the verb "go" in the simple past tense.
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