The terms used in this chapter shall, in its interpretation and in the interpretation of other statutes, be defined as follows:
Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats. Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors.
This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low Female juvenile delinquency to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves. These factors may lead to the child having low IQ and may increase the rate of illiteracy.
It is also more likely that children of single parents may live in poverty, which is strongly associated with juvenile delinquency.
Children who are often in conflict with their parents may be less willing to discuss their activities with them.
Although children are rejected by peers for many reasons, it is often the case that they are rejected due to violent or aggressive behavior. This often leads to an impulsive Female juvenile delinquency aggressive reaction. Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to exhibit delinquent behavior.
Rational choice[ edit ] Classical criminology stresses that causes of crime lie within the individual offender, rather than in their external environment. For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized.
Delinquency is one of the major factors motivated by rational choice. Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture. A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e.
Strain[ edit ] Strain theory is associated mainly with the work of Robert Merton. He felt that there are institutionalized paths to success in society. Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means.
Merton believed that drug users are in this category. A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place.
More importantly is the fact that much youth crime does not have an economic motivation. Strain theory fails to explain violent crimethe type of youth crime that causes most anxiety to the public.
Differential association[ edit ] The theory of Differential association also deals with young people in a group context, and looks at how peer pressure and the existence of gangs could lead them into crime.
It suggests young people are motivated to commit crimes by delinquent peers, and learn criminal skills from them. The diminished influence of peers after men marry has also been cited as a factor in desisting from offending. There is strong evidence that young people with criminal friends are more likely to commit crimes themselves.
However it may be the case that offenders prefer to associate with one another, rather than delinquent peers causing someone to start offending.
Furthermore there is the question of how the delinquent peer group became delinquent initially. Labeling[ edit ] Labeling theory is a concept within Criminology that aims to explain deviant behavior from the social context rather than looking at the individual themselves.
It is part of Interactionism criminology that states that once young people have been labeled as criminal they are more likely to offend.
The four types of control can help prevent juvenile delinquency are: Control through needs satisfaction, i. Around six to sixteen percent of male teens and two to nine percent of female teens have a conduct disorder.
These can vary from oppositional-defiant disorderwhich is not necessarily aggressive, to antisocial personality disorderoften diagnosed among psychopaths. Once the juvenile continues to exhibit the same behavioral patterns and turns eighteen he is then at risk of being diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and much more prone to become a serious criminal offender.
These two personality disorders are analogous in their erratic and aggressive behavior. This is why habitual juvenile offenders diagnosed with conduct disorder are likely to exhibit signs of antisocial personality disorder early in life and then as they mature.
Some times these juveniles reach maturation and they develop into career criminals, or life-course-persistent offenders. Therefore, while there is a high rate of juvenile delinquency, it is the small percentage of life-course persistent, career criminals that are responsible for most of the violent crimes.
Prevention[ edit ] poster promoting planned housing as a method to deter juvenile delinquency, showing silhouettes of a child stealing a piece of fruit and the older child involved in armed robbery. Delinquency prevention is the broad term for all efforts aimed at preventing youth from becoming involved in criminal, or other antisocial, activity.
Because the development of delinquency in youth is influenced by numerous factors, prevention efforts need to be comprehensive in scope. Prevention services may include activities such as substance abuse education and treatment, family counseling, youth mentoring, parenting education, educational support, and youth sheltering.Understanding Juvenile Sexual Offending Behavior: Emerging Research, Treatment Approaches and Management Practices December Introduction.
Juveniles commit a significant number of the sexual assaults against children and women in this country. The purpose of this training series is to educate frontline officers on how to recognize and respond to victims of child sex trafficking. This is a series of training videos which depict sworn law enforcement officers demonstrating alternative responses to different types of scenarios involving child sex trafficking.
Understanding and Responding to Girls’ Delinquency and Sickmund, ).
Minor offenses predominate among female delinquent offenders. However, minor offenses may mask serious problems that girls are experi encing. Running away from home and other status offenses (such as truancy) are major components of girls’ delin quency. Case Management: Case management lasting up to six (6) months is guided by initial and ongoing assessments, regular meetings, and use of evidence-based interactive procedures.
Education: Youth will attend a workshop, Life Skills Training, oriented around building development-critical skills that help them make better decisions in everyday situations.
CHAPTER 10 Family Influences on Delinquency low school achievement. In contrast, abusive parents and broken homes were relatively weak timberdesignmag.com is clear that some family factors are at least as important in the prediction of.
Or, my juvenile friends," says Chadband, descending to the level of their comprehension with a very obtrusive demonstration in his greasily meek smile of coming a long way downstairs for the purpose, "if the master of this house was to go forth into the city and there see an eel, and was to come back, and was to call unto him the mistress of this house, and was to say, 'Sarah, rejoice with me.