Aligning Individual Purpose and Organizational Direction byMarch 6, In this first of two blog posts on individual and organizational strategy, CompassPoint Senior Project Director Michelle Gislason connects the dots between how determining your personal purpose can contribute to your organizational direction. In Part 2, Shannon Ellis and Marissa Tirona will explore the intersection between organizational strategy and power and privilege.
In reality, a manager has to use the existing resources for a given task, and must have the ability to understand the differences in individual behaviors and use them appropriately to increase the synergy. In order to understand individual behavior and personalities, it is important to understand the basics of human cognition.
Integrated human behavior model I have formulated an abstract model of human behavior which explains the process that produces the individual differences. Cognition is the thought process in humans that describes how the information we constantly acquire is transformed, stored and used as knowledge in future decision making.
It includes a wide range of mental processes like visual imagery, language, problem solving, decision making etc. The brain receives the stimuli from the external environment through the sense, which is immediately registered in our sensory memory, which is large but keeps the information for few seconds only.
The observation process tries to match the information in the sensory memory with the previous knowledge and creates a perception of the stimuli, thereby abstracting useful information from the sensory memory.
This abstracted information then passes to the short-term memory or the working memory, which also caches the related knowledge from the long-term memory.
The short-term memory has slightly longer latency than the sensory memory, it is needed only till the reaction of the stimuli. The long term memory has enormous capacity and is the primary knowledge base. The other two important parameters are the desired outcome and the required response time to the stimuli.
At the center of the analytical mind is a myriad of cognitive processes that operate sequentially or in parallel, in complex permutations in order to satisfy these primary constraints.
The consequence of this entire cognitive activity is a response to the environmental stimuli, which is the observed as the behavior of the individual. Finally, the resulting behavior is feed backed into the memory; it modifies the existing perceptual knowledge, seeds a new one or the stimuli and its response is simply ignored Dimensions of cognitive psychology The cognition can be characterized by considering the process itself and its robustness.
At a higher level of abstraction, the thinking can be characterized as rational or emotional, while its robustness is determined by it stability.
Rational Vs Emotional Thinking Rational thinking is a response based on process of logical reasoning; it involves some form of mathematical or statistical knowledge where the process has implicit proof of its validity.
Attribution is one of the rational processes that involve determining the reason or cause of an observed behavior.
Emotional thinking is a response based on how a person feels about the object in question.
Neurologically, emotions follow a short cut pathway to limbic response, bypassing the other cognitive thought processes. It can be considered as most primitive response when dealing with incomplete and uncertain sensory data.
However, emotions have considerable influence on decision making and other cognitive processes even with existence of alternate rational reasons. Stable Vs Evolving Experiences Every stimuli creates a response which is stored in the long-term memory, repetition of the same stimuli over a period of time, hard wires the response.
These patterns of stimuli and response form a stable section of our cognitive processes, thus as the person ages, more and more responses get hard-wired.
On the other hand, stimuli that have little or no previously recorded responses are in the evolutionary stage, the response might change depending upon the cumulative degree of success of the previous responses. In the organizational social system, the relationship between manager and the employees is not unidirectional but bidirectional.
If this bi-directional process is successful, it would create a behavioral congruence between manager and subordinate and would be a positive outcome. Otherwise it would lead to dissatisfaction and frustration for both of them and would eventually lead to end of their relationship through job termination.
The subordinate will have a perception of his own job and non-work responsibilities and an expectation of how his manager would perceive the same. Due to identification of this bi-directional relationship, the following discussion is adapted to reflect this concern.Data and research on e-commerce including measuring the information economy, internet economy outlook, open internet, openness, key ICT indicators, digital economy policy papers., In adopting these Guidelines in , OECD member countries intended to.
It can be useful to identify a core working group, central to the process and responsible for its completion. Others can then be involved at different stages depending on the time, logistics, experience, skills and available resources.
An amount that has to be paid or given up in order to get something.. In business, cost is usually a monetary valuation of (1) effort, (2) material, (3) resources, (4) time and utilities consumed, (5) risks incurred, and (6) opportunity forgone in production and delivery of a good or service.
All expenses are costs, but not all costs (such as those incurred in acquisition of an income. On Purpose: Aligning Individual Purpose and Organizational Direction by, March 6, In this first of two blog posts on individual and organizational strategy, CompassPoint Senior Project Director Michelle Gislason connects the dots between how determining your personal purpose can contribute to your organizational direction.
Following their pardons in December , five elected to return to a now independent Hellenic Kingdom, while Ghikas Voulgaris and his Irish-born wife, Mary Lyons, became pioneer settler-graziers in the Monaro district of south-eastern New South Wales.
An Introduction to Teams and Groups See also: and standards about areas of common interest and they come together to work on common tasks for agreed purposes and outcomes.
People in groups are defined by themselves and by others as group members, in other words individuals are aware that they are part of a group.
These types of group.