In the new Liberal Government DecemberRichard HaldaneSecretary of State for Warimplemented the Esher recommendations accepted in principle by the outgoing Conservative government. Haig was intolerant of what he regarded as old-fashioned opinion and not good at negotiating with strangers. Haig had wanted a reserve ofmen, but Haldane settled for a more realisticAs an intimate of Haldane Haig was able to ensure high priority for cavalry, less for artillery, contrary to the advice of Lord Roberts now retired as Commander-in-Chief whose views were no longer very welcome because his campaign for conscription had made life hard for Haldane.
But, almost a century on, is this a fair judgement? Born in Edinburgh, 19 JuneDouglas Haig was the eleventh son of a wealthy whiskey distiller. An expert horseman, he once represented England at polo. Inhe joined the forces of Lord Kitchener in the Sudan.
Cavalry man A Presbyterian and firmly believing that God was on his side and therefore his decisions had to be right, Haig insisted on full frontal attacks, convinced that victory would come by military might alone.
It is one of the criticisms levelled at Haig — that he was adverse to new technology. The evidence is contradictory. Almost a decade after the war, Haig still believed in the use of cavalry: Aeroplanes and tanks are only accessories to the men and the horse, and I feel sure that as time goes on you will find just as much use for the horse—the well-bred horse—as you have ever done in the past.
On 15 Septemberduring the Battle of the Somme, Haig had insisted on their use, despite advice to wait for more testing.
He got his way and the introduction of 32 tanks met with mixed results — many broke down but a few managed to penetrate German lines. Haig was impressed and immediately ordered a thousand more.
Yet the very nature of warfare during meant that offense was no match against deeply entrenched defence; the weapons of defence during the First World War were much superior to the weapons of offense. Haig was not alone — generals on all sides puzzled over this uncomfortable truth.
David Lloyd George, prime minister of a coalition government from Decemberhad questioned the point of launching another costly offensive at Passchendaele but Haig had got the backing of the Conservatives within the coalition and so got his way. But Haig was often under pressure of his French allies to act, bringing forward, for example, the Somme offensive by six weeks to help take the pressure off the French at the long slug that was the Battle of Verdun.
The question remains however would the extra six weeks to prepare made a difference?
The offensive ultimately led to victory and the surrender of the Germans on 11 November. But by then Haig was dead and unable to defend himself. But it was Haig who did much to help veterans.
InHaig was one of the founders of the Royal British Legion, becoming its first president, a post he held until his death, and helped introduce the poppy of remembrance into Britain.
He championed the rights of ex-servicemen and refused all state honours until the government improved their pensions, which duly came in August Only then did Haig accept an earldom. On 29 JanuaryDouglas Haig died from a heart attack brought on, according to his widow, by the strain of wartime command.
But it saddens me my three sisters have not survived to see it. They died suffering from the beastly attitudes of the public towards our father.
Designed by sculptor, Alfred Frank Hardiman, and eight years in the making, it won many plaudits and prizes but unfortunately, the stance of the horse is that of one in the process of urinating.Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, KT, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCIE (/ h eɪ ɡ /; 19 June – 29 January ) was a senior officer of the British timberdesignmag.com the First World War he commanded the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the Western Front from late until the end of the war.
He was commander during the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Arras, the Third Battle of Ypres. Haig has been nicknamed “The Butcher of the Somme”.
But the idea that he wilfully and knowingly sent tens of thousands of Allied soldiers to their deaths is overly simplistic and fails to acknowledge the severe challenges facing a commander in charge of an inexperienced mass army, on .
Haig's Reputation as the Butcher of the Somme Essay Words | 3 Pages. Haig's Reputation as the Butcher of the Somme In the run up to the war, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig was appointed the Director of Military Training.
In this essay I will discus whether General Haig deserves to be remembered as 'the butcher of the Somme'. General Haig's title of 'the butcher of the Somme' originated after the First World War, when, due to large number of casualties Britain suffered from the war and mostly the Somme.5/5.
Does Haig Deserve to be Remembered as the Butcher of the Somme? Introduction The first day of the battle of the Somme is remembered as the 'bloodiest day of the British army'.
Led by General Sir Douglas Haig, the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) fought a long battle of trench warfare, designed to relieve German pressure from the French at . Haig's Reputation as the Butcher of the Somme Essay Words | 3 Pages Haig's Reputation as the Butcher of the Somme In the run up to the war, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig was appointed the Director of Military Training.