Obviously, in most countries, including Australiait would be impossible for all the people to come together and make every decision about how they are governed. Legislative Assembly of the Northern TerritoryThe public is really more savvy than this simplistic definition conveys; many wish to be informed of issues, have a say in issues and have a right of review of the decision making process. The Federal government was aware of this shift in public thinking in when it introduced the Freedom of Information Act.
Obviously, in most countries, including Australiait would be impossible for all the people to come together and make every decision about how they are governed. So, we elect a small number of people - our ' representative s' - to make decisions for us. Legislative Assembly of the Northern TerritoryThe public is really more savvy than this simplistic definition conveys; many wish to be informed of issues, have a say in issues and have a right of review of the decision making process.
The Federal government was aware of this shift in public thinking in when it introduced the Freedom of Information Act.
Political Institutions From reading information on the Parliamentary Education Office website, the author understands that a political institution is a group of people who have similar opinions on matters of public importance, present their ideas to the public and gain support for them in Parliament.
The political institutions that influence records management, and access to information are: To handle the requests for information and provide Cabinet with Psmp unit 2 major reporting mechanism, the Office of the Commissioner of Information was set up.
Both offices receive direct funding from Cabinet. FOI legislation is related to the structure and institutions of government and it is thereby appropriate that each jurisdiction have specialised FOI legislation that reflect differences.
The Ombudsman can make recommendations to changes in policies, practices and even legislation, which are usually applied. Having the Ombudsman in the governmental system provides an additional avenue where the public can influence changes to policy.
The move reflected the recognition that the capacity of citizens to access official information held by governments and its agencies is consistent with the concept of open and transparent government and fundamental to the notion of democracy.
One of the most difficult changes to address is that of administrative culture. Quote from the Television Series, Yes Minister! The cost of requesting access has had the effect of limiting the use of FOI to large-pocketed groups like the media. Two principles are entrenched in the constitution.
One is the principle of responsible government and the other is representative government. Inthe Commonwealth attempted to deny the right to freedom of communication on political matters.
A precedent was set when the High Court declared the Commonwealth law invalid as the restrictions it imposed were inconsistent with the principle of representative government. Australian Government Solicitor, Media The Media plays a crucial role in the democratic process as a watchdog over government and use of FOI is critical to its effective fulfilment of this role.
Media are angry at a perceived shroud of secrecy developed by government through the application of exemptions. Journalists can be held in breach of the Commonwealth Crimes Act if they resist revealing their sources. Is it any wonder that in December it was reported by the Australian, that FREEdom of information requests to federal government departments have fallen to their lowest level in five years.
Records and the Court connection A major benefit to FOI is the records management principle of keeping unique, meaningful, accurate, and reliable records.
Public servants might claim an unawareness of the penalties for mishandling records or feel protected believing the Chief Executive is accountable for the actions of his public service personnel however this may not always protect record lazy or uninterested persons.
To date no individual in Australia has been prosecuted under the penalties included in the NT Information Act Part 9 Records and Archives for wrongdoing. Nevertheless, the future is changing! The US Sarbanes-Oxley Act,implemented to bring compliance to corporate governance, financial disclosure and the practice of public accounting, within the United States influenced international views of keeping records of corporate governance.
For the first time inUS courts held individuals answerable for wrongful actions relating to records management.
Build up to intervention Commonwealth power has been extended by four constitutional amendments. Specifically inthe Commonwealth was given power over Aboriginal Affairs. The definitions of each are:Dec 24, · Unit 4 Managing Down, Operational Management in the Public Sector, Minor Assignment, Project Plan Each persons project will be different.
The task is to not make the project too big but it should challenge the student and be somewhat out of the normal area of their work. STA_INFO Type (2) PSMP-DTT Start Offset (11) PSMP-DTT Duration (8) PSMP Multicast ID (43) The PSMP-DTT Start Offset field indicates the start of the PPDU that has the downlink data of the station.
The offset is specified relative to the end of the PSMP frame. It is given as an integer number of 4 µs.
Related Documents: Managing Up Unit 1 Psmp Assignment Wanna Case Study Review Essay Essay on Case Study Unit 1 Katie And John Case study Unit Case study 1. UNIT 1: MANAGING UP: THE FRAMEWORK OF PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT |MINOR ASSIGNMENT – READING REPORT TEMPLATE | Participants – use this template for your reading report.
Delete the prompters from the template headings (the parts in brackets) before you submit. t o p i c o n e: t h e m a n a g i n g o u t i m p e r at i v e 1 Unit 2: Managing out: the public Sector in the community introduction In the PSM Program so far, we have addressed the context of public sector.
COURSE: BTEC Extended Diploma in Business (QCF) COHORT: - UNIT: 1 – The Business Environment (10 Credits) ASSIGNMENT 1 – Two Businesses on our Doorstep Learner Outcomes: 1. Know the range of .