A Guide to avoiding Procrustean Psychotherapy. By developing Jung's Cross Diagram inspired by an Alchemical woodcut this paper clarifies the distinct processes of transference, counter-transference and co-transference. The author underpins his critique throughout with the contention that a clear understanding of the psychology behind transference enables therapists to go beyond offering their clients the Procrustean bed of normal adaptation and facilitate a process of profound personal transformation in both their clients, and themselves. This paper was first presented at the Bristol C.
Origins[ edit ] One of humanistic psychology's early sources was the work of Carl Rogerswho was strongly influenced by Otto Rankwho broke with Freud in the mids. Rogers' focus was to ensure that the developmental processes led to healthier, if not more creative, personality functioning.
The term 'actualizing tendency' was also coined by Rogers, and was a concept that eventually led Abraham Maslow to study self-actualization as one of the needs of Psychosynthesis therapist. Conceptual origins[ edit ] The humanistic approach has its roots in phenomenological and existentialist thought Psychosynthesis therapist see KierkegaardNietzscheHeideggerMerleau-Ponty and Sartre.
Eastern philosophy and psychology also play a central role in humanistic psychology, as well as Judeo-Christian philosophies of personalismas each shares similar concerns about the nature of human existence and consciousness.
As behaviorism grew out of Ivan Pavlov 's work with the conditioned reflex, and laid the foundations for academic psychology in the United States associated with the names of John B.
SkinnerAbraham Maslow gave behaviorism the name "the second force". The humanistic psychology perspective is summarized by five core principles or postulates of humanistic psychology first articulated Psychosynthesis therapist an article written by James Bugental in  and adapted by Tom Greening,  psychologist and long-time editor of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology.
The five basic principles of humanistic psychology are: Human beings, as human, supersede the sum of their parts. They cannot be reduced to components. Human beings have their existence in a uniquely human context, as well as in a cosmic ecology.
Human beings are aware and are aware of being aware - i. Human consciousness always includes an awareness of oneself in the context of other people.
Human beings have the ability to make choices and therefore have responsibility. Human beings are intentional, aim at goals, are aware that they cause future events, and seek meaning, value, and creativity.
While humanistic psychology is a specific division within the American Psychological Association Division 32humanistic psychology is not so much a discipline within psychology as a perspective on the human condition that informs psychological research and practice.
Practical origins[ edit ] WWII created practical pressures on military psychologists, they had more patients to see and care for than time or resources permitted. The origins of group therapy are here.
Orientation to scientific research[ edit ] Humanistic psychologists generally do not believe that we will understand human consciousness and behavior through Cartesian-Newtonian scientific research.
Abraham Maslow proposed many of his theories of human growth in the form of testable hypotheses,    and he encouraged human scientists to put them to the test. Shortly after the founding of the American Association of Humanistic Psychology, its president, psychologist Sidney Jourardbegan his column by declaring that "research" is a priority.
Likewise, inthe American Psychological Association 's publication for humanistic psychology Division 32 of APA ran an article titled, What makes research humanistic?
A human science view is not opposed to quantitative methods, but, following Edmund Husserl: Consequently, much of the subject matter of psychology lends itself to qualitative approaches e.
Research has remained part of the humanistic psychology agenda, though with more of a holistic than reductionistic focus. Specific humanistic research methods evolved in the decades following the formation of the humanistic psychology movement.
Subsequently, graduate programs in Humanistic Psychology at institutions of higher learning grew in number and enrollment. Division 32 publishes its own academic journal called The Humanistic Psychologist.
Maslow was heavily influenced by Kurt Goldstein during their years together at Brandeis University. Psychoanalytic writers also influenced humanistic psychology. Maslow himself famously acknowledged his "indebtedness to Freud" in Towards a Psychology of Being  Other psychoanalytic influences include the work of Wilhelm Reichwho discussed an essentially 'good', healthy core self and Character Analysisand Carl Gustav Jung 's mythological and archetypal emphasis.
Schneiderand Ken Wilber. The aim of humanistic therapy is usually to help the client develop a stronger and healthier sense of self, also called self-actualization. This type of therapy is insight-based, meaning that the therapist attempts to provide the client with insights about their inner conflicts.
Among the earliest approaches we find the developmental theory of Abraham Maslowemphasizing a hierarchy of needs and motivations; the existential psychology of Rollo May acknowledging human choice and the tragic aspects of human existence; and the person-centered or client-centered therapy of Carl Rogerswhich is centered on the client's capacity for self-direction and understanding of his or her own development.
They are free to define themselves and do whatever it is they want to do. This is a type of humanistic therapy that forces the client to explore the meaning of their life, as well as its purpose. There is a conflict between having freedoms and having limitations.
Examples of limitations include genetics, culture, and many other factors.A psychosynthesis therapist will keep these levels distinct. This allows the context for work to be clear between client and therapist. Consequently change at an everyday form level as well as transformation at a more profound level is effected and integrated.
Find a Therapist. Appointments: Each therapist handles their own bookings. To make an appointment or for further information you are warmly invited to contact any of our team for a chat. Psychosynthesis is a therapeutic approach that focuses on personal growth and development.
Practitioners of psychosynthesis believe individuals tend to synthesize various aspects of the self to. A complete directory of Hakomi Institute Practitioners. ARIZONA: Ori Zimmels, C.H.P.
E. Camino Alberca Tucson, AZ, Development of psychosynthesis skills and a personal/professional practice: Practice//training in applying core Psychosynthesis theoretical concepts, principles, and techniques to your work as a psychosynthesis teacher, counselor, therapist, life coach, guide, mentor, .
Psychosynthesis Therapy. Psychosynthesis therapy provides a safe and supportive atmosphere for the exploration of personal issues and concerns. It honors the client's developmental level and unique ways of .