Racial ethnic and religious profiling

It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled Racial profiling in the United States. Criminal profiling, generally, as practiced by police, is the reliance on a group of characteristics they believe to be associated with crime. Examples of racial profiling are the use of race to determine which drivers to stop for minor traffic violations commonly referred to as 'driving while black or brown'or the use of race to determine which pedestrians to search for illegal contraband.

Racial ethnic and religious profiling

April 17, 9: In the United Stateswe work to secure increased recognition of and respect for internationally recognized human rights, focusing on issues arising from excessive punishment and detention, insufficient access to due process, and discrimination.

Equality under the law is a cornerstone of human rights. Investigating, surveilling, or otherwise targeting people solely on the basis of their race, ethnicity, religion, or national origin is a clear form of discrimination and goes against the protections of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination ICERDwhich the US ratified in First, profiling drives a wedge between law enforcement and the targeted community members, making them less likely to trust and engage law enforcement, thereby making the whole community less safe.

Relying on profiling also gives law enforcement agencies the disincentive to engage in effective investigative techniques. Finally, and most troublingly, profiling results in further discrimination. By engaging in racial profiling, law enforcement legitimizes the marginalization of targeted racial, ethnic, and religious minorities and legitimizes the distrust of those communities.

Several persons of Latino descent, including US citizens and legal residents, reported to us that since the law went into effect, the police stopped or arrested them for no reason or on pretext. Fernando Rodriguez, a legal permanent resident and the minister of a church in Albertville, reported that he and his friend, another pastor, were given no reason for being stopped in the town of Warrior, soon after pulling out of a gas station.

Stephen McGowan, an attorney in Dothan, reported that a client of his had been deported after he was pulled over, allegedly for having his radio on too loud.

According to McGowan, however, the radio was broken and could not have been turned on. One woman, who was born in the US and whose family is from the Dominican Republic, wondered if she had been the victim of racial profiling when she was pulled over soon after the immigrant law went into effect.

The officer said he thought she had not been wearing her seatbelt. She admitted it was possible the seatbelt had not been visible against her dark clothing, but at the same time, in all the years she had lived in the area, she had never been stopped for not wearing a seatbelt before.

We documented several other questionable stops by police in our report. We cannot establish that these stops were directly motivated by passage of the law. Yet we were able to document a pervasive fear among persons of Latino origin that the Beason-Hammon Act was enabling profiling and that they were being treated differently by police after the law went into effect.

Using this information, the police department built databases showing where Muslims live, pray, buy groceries, and use internet cafes. This surveillance has had a chilling effect on the relationship between Muslims and law enforcement in the region.

Not only is it unlawful, profiling is ineffective and counterproductive as a public safety measure. Human Rights Watch urges all states to pass enforceable laws that bar profiling by law enforcement.

ERPA, which prohibits law enforcement agencies from profiling on the basis ofrace, ethnicity, national origin, or religion, has languished in Congress for a decade.

We thank you for the opportunity to submit this statement. In General Recommendation No.

Racial ethnic and religious profiling

Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world.Racial profiling is the act of suspecting or targeting a person of a certain race on the basis of observed or assumed characteristics or behavior of a racial or ethnic group, rather than on individual suspicion.

Racial and religious profiling has been shown to be an ineffective policing tool, often distracting law enforcement from the actual perpetrators of the crimes being investigated.

Racial and religious profiling ultimately destroys trust . intensification of ethnic and religious profiling as a means to target police and intelligence resources racial or ethnic characteristics, is a core component of a suspect description. For example, a suspect ENAR Factsheet on Ethnic Profiling.

Racial and religious profiling has been shown to be an ineffective policing tool, often distracting law enforcement from the actual perpetrators of the crimes being investigated.

Racial and religious profiling ultimately destroys trust in the police and government authorities. According to the National Institute of Justice, racial profiling in law enforcement “is commonly defined as a practice that targets people for suspicion of crime based on their race, ethnicity, religion or national origin” (“Racial Profiling”).

In the Bush administration issued a Racial Profiling guideline that stated racial profiling is okay as long as it is related to National Security. In the Barrack Obama administration and critics of racial profiling began to push for more legislation to prevent racial profiling.

Ethnic Profiling: What It Is and Why It Must End