Effects of Welfare Time Limits "Time limits account for about 12 percent of the oft-noted, dramatic decline in welfare use and about 7 percent of the rise in employment among single moms since It may represent the single greatest break from past policy. The new rule means that families generally can receive federally-funded benefits for no more than 60 months during their lifetime. Indeed, many states have imposed even shorter time limits.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families law passed by Congress in said that cash assistance should be limited to no more than five years sixty months over a lifetime. But states were allowed some flexibility to extend this limit for up to one-fifth of their welfare recipients who face unusual problems.
Some people could continue to get benefits if they complied with all welfare rules, including the rule about seeking or preparing for employment. But inthe Maine legislature voted to make the sixty-month limit virtually absolute.
Exceptions would be granted only if people were awarded a special hardship extension due to coping with disability, domestic violence, or the need to care for a disabled family member. When the new law took effect inmore than 2, Maine families were affected.
Since January 1,more than 1, Maine families, including 2, children have lost cash benefits. Who are these families and what are their circumstances? People needing longer-term help usually had less than a high school education and were coping with personal ill-health or family disabilities.
Those with less than a high school education, personal ill-health, or family disabilities often need longer-term help. Findings from other states tell the same story. Research studies consistently show that a small subset of recipients of Temporary Aid to Needy Families require specialized assistance and ongoing support to be able to provide for their families, because they are grappling with one or more severe difficulties such as physical or mental health problems, caring for a disabled child, the aftermath of domestic violence, or educational deficits and learning disabilities.
After benefits were cut off, many of these respondents, including families with children, were left facing increasingly draconian circumstances. Very low wages, if any. Barriers to finding or holding jobs. Survey respondents who were not working pointed to barriers ranging from personal health issues or the need to care for a disabled family member, to a lack of affordable childcare, inadequate skills for the available job opportunities, and the overall scarcity of jobs.
Photo by DrivingtheNortheast via Flickr. One in five reported being evicted from their home and having to relocate, often to overcrowded living conditions or to a homeless shelter. Some findings in our study seemed surprising, given that Maine provides educational programs to welfare recipients and still allows very needy people to apply for hardship exceptions to the five-year limit.
But such extra help had not reached many of the respondents I studied: One in four respondents said they did not understand they could apply for a hardship extension — and many of those who knew they could apply said that their caseworkers discouraged them from doing so.
What Should Be Done? If welfare in Maine — and beyond — is to meet its core objectives of protecting families and enabling employment for people who can work, several new steps are clearly called for: Improve assessment of health problems and family or educational barriers to employment, so that they can be addressed earlier, well before families hit the five-year limit.
Make hardship extensions possible for welfare recipients who cannot find jobs — due to high unemployment in their area or because they lack a high school diploma, speak little English, or suffer a learning disability. She researches long-term financial security for women.Effects of Welfare Time Limits "Time limits account for about 12 percent of the oft-noted, dramatic decline in welfare use and about 7 percent of the rise in employment among single moms since " One of the most controversial welfare reform measures of the s was the imposition of time limits on cash aid to welfare recipients.
“Welfare” as it now exists in the United States aims to provide a short-term safety net for very needy families with children and prepare adults to get jobs. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families law passed by Congress in said that cash assistance should be limited to no more than five years (sixty months) over a lifetime.
If welfare funds are not limited then two things would happen. 1) The taxes working people would have t o pay would have to go up allot. 2) People in work would begin to think why should I work (and pay all these taxes) when I can get as much welfare as I need for doing nothing.
There are a great many people in the world who believe that welfare should be limited by time.
Others do not believe this. Feb 02, · During the course of that time, efforts to learn a trade that will lead to employment should definitely be mandatory.
Welfare is designed to lend a helping hand, not enable the person to spend an extensive amount of time on timberdesignmag.com: Resolved. We should be able to get perhaps $5 billion of this from absent fathers, but even allowing for the $18 billion saved by the two-year limit on welfare, that leaves a $10 billion tab for taxpayers.