In this article I want to start demystifying it a bit, by describing a few of the basic rules that determine whether a particle and anti-particle of one type, if they come close together, can turn into a particle and anti-particle of another type. I wrote an introductory article about anti-particles here. For our purposes today, this is what you need to know.
We saw that risk and tail risk are mathematically separate objects, conflated by the IYI intellectual yet idiot crowd. Two people can be using the same word, meaning different things, yet continue the conversation, which is fine for coffee, but not when making decisions, particularly policy decisions affecting others.
But we also have had many pronouncements by idiots using labels.
People rarely mean the same thing when they say "religion", nor do they realize that they don't mean the same thing. For early Jews and Muslims, religion was law. Din means law in Hebrew and religion in Arabic.
For early Jews, religion was also tribal; for early Muslims, it was universal. For the Romans, religion was social events, rituals, and festivals —the word religio was opposition to superstitio, and while present in the Roman zeitgeist had no equivalent concept in the Greek-Byzantine East.
The difference is marked in that Christian Aramaic uses a different word: Neither Islam nor Judaism have a marked separation between holy and profane.
And of course Christianity moved away from the solely-spiritual domain to embrace the ceremonial and ritualistic, integrating much of the pagan rites of the Levant and Asia Minor.
For Jews today, religion became ethnocultural, without the law --and for many, a nation. For Orthodox and Catholic Christians religion is aesthetics, pomp and rituals.
For Protestants, religion is belief with no aesthetics, pomp or law. So when Hindu talk about the Hindu "religion" they don't mean the same thing to a Pakistani as it would to a Hindu, and certainly something different for a Persian.
When the nation-state idea came about, things got more, much more complicated. When an Arab now says "Jew" he largely means something about a creed; to Arabs, a converted Jew is no longer a Jew.
But for a Jew, a Jew is someone whose mother is a Jew. But it somewhat merged into nation-state and now means a nation. In Serbia-Croatia and Lebanon, religion means something at times of peace, and something quite different at times of war.
Same for the gnostics Druids, Druze, Mandeans, Alawis. As we saw with the minority rule, the intolerant will run over the tolerant; cancer requires being stopped before it becomes metastatic. Some beliefs are largely decorativesome are functional they help in survival ; others are literal. And to revert to our metastatic Salafi problem: You may be able to get all of it from solar panels the cost of which is getting cheaper and cheapterbut would get most of it during a 5h window.
Say you need to store for hours and the cost of storage is prohibitive: But the way to calculate the effectiveness in cost savings is in taking the difference from the upper bound, not raw costs.
And unlike other sources there is strong optionality: Most people doing static analyses fail to get such convexity.Lesson Alpha, Beta, & Gamma Decay nuclear decay, we usually don't call it a helium atom. Instead we call it an alpha particle.
Example 1: The iridium isotope is known to go through alpha decays. Write out a decay equation that shows this process. MEDICAL NOTES- Aggregation of notes on the history of medicine as I am writing my long chapter on iatrogenics..
The translational gap. How long can something be held as wrong before its practice is discontinued? A long, very long time, much longer than we think. The most important thing to know is that an α-particle (alpha particle) is a helium nucleus. > It contains 2 protons and 2 neutrons, for a mass number of 4.
During α-decay, an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle. It transforms (or decays) into an atom with an atomic number 2 less and a mass number 4 less.
Radioactivity and nuclear physics revision notes index. Atomic structure, history, definitions, examples and explanations including isotopes gcse physics revision notes.
Atomic structure, fundamental particles and radioactivity gcse physics revision notes. What it is an atom like?, quarks and proton & neutron structure gcse physics revision notes. Alpha decay occurs when the nucleus of an atom spontaneously ejects an alpha particle.
The alpha particle is the same as a helium nucleus with 2 protons and 2 neutrons. MEDICAL NOTES- Aggregation of notes on the history of medicine as I am writing my long chapter on iatrogenics..
The translational gap. How long can something be held as wrong before its practice is discontinued? A .